Slovak Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac, Slovak tschuvatsch
Male 36–44 kg (79–97 lbs)
Female 31–37 kg (68–81 lbs)
Male 62–70 cm (25–28 in)
Female 59–65 cm (25–28 in)
Medium length - thick and wavy
Group 1 Section 1 Sheepdogs #142 standard
Guardian Dog Group standard

(A Ty Biely Cuvacu (White Sheep Dog) - From The
Mountain Paradise - Ziarislav)
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Slovensky Cuvac Dog Club of America
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The offical standard

SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert 1er B – 6530 Thuin (Belgique)
04. 06 .1996 /EN
FCI-Standard N° 142
(Slovenský Ćuvać)

TRANSLATION : Mrs. Chris Seidler.
ORIGIN : Slovakian Republik.
STANDARD : 18.08.1965.
UTILIZATION : This derives from his age old use as a shepherd
and mountain dog in bare high mountain regions and as a guard dog
for farms and borders.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs
(except Swiss Cattle
Section 1 Sheepdogs.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The breed group of white
mountain dogs is derived from Arctic wolves, whose remains from
pre-ice age have been preserved in the mountainous regions of
Europe to the edge of the glaciers. These are the north slopes of the
Caucasus, the Balkans, specially the Rodope mountains, the
Carpathians, specially the Tatra, the northern slopes of the Abruzzi
and Alps and finally the Pyrenees. In these colder and damper areas,
the alleged type of mountain dog is also accompanied by remains of
flora and fauna whose nearest location were still found in
Scandinavia by the Swedish explorer Wahlenberg. A similar
connection with Nordic domestic animals we can, for example, find
in the Tatra and Carpathian region with the Huzul horse, whose
nearest relation is the Gudbrandstal horse. So it is with the Tatra
Chuvach, whose Nordic analogy is the Pomeranian Shepherd dog
(Pommernscher Hütehund) and others.
Slovak alpine farming has a very ancient tradition. The Tatra
Chuvach, together with the mountain sheep, the Huzul horse and the
typical mountain inhabitants, form the basis for an economy which
assumes the utilization of the pastures through animal husbandry.
The Slovak mountain people were largely free people, not
suppressed by medieval forced labour, which protected the frontiers
and paid its dues merely in the form of “sheep’s cheese”. Their
organization was called “Wallachischer Bund (Union)” (Valasski
Opasek), whose centre (until the repeal of forced labour) was in
Kaschau. The members of this, basically, herding and military
organization, carried out their service on the mountain meadows,
always together with their typical dogs, the watch dogs of the Tatra
and they were always depicted with them.
As a good guard, watch dog and companion as well as guide for the
shepherds, the Tatra Chuvach has also proved his worth in the
guarding of cattle, driving poultry and other domestic animals to
pasture, as well as guarding different objects. Holiday makers
visiting the mountain farmers to buy cheese and other products found
pleasure in the thickly coated puppies and so transferred the breed to
the low-lands, where they were not seldom regarded as a luxury
breed because of their unusual appearance.
On the Polish side of the Tatra, where a similar breed, the Goral
Dogs (Mountain Dogs), are kept, specially powerful animals are
called “Liptauer” by the people which points to the Slovak origin.
So the breeding region of the Tatra Chuvach has a topographic
The Stud Book of the Tatra Chuvach in Czechoslovakia was founded
more than thirty years ago by Professor Anton Hruza of the Brno
Veterinary College. The basic material stemmed from the area of the
places Liptovska Luzna, Kokava, Vychodna v. Tatrach and the
neighbourhood of Rachovo in the Carpathians. The first breeding
establishment had the name “Ze zlaté studny” (of the Golden
Fountain) and was founded in Svitavy and Brno. The Carpathian
kennel had the prefix “Z Hoverla” (Of Hoverla). Since then the club
for Tatra Chuvach breeders, with its headquarters in Bratislava, has
kept exact records and held exhibitions, assessments, competitions
and shows in all regions of the republic. Further old blood lines stem
from the places Liptovské Hole, Velky Choc, Zakopané, Martin,
Jedlova and Jeseniky.
The widest spread lines are those of Topas, Uran, Simba, Hrdos,
Ibro, Cuvo, Bundas, Dinar, Samko, Bojar, Olaf and others.
Genetically, the Tatra Chuvach can be characterised as a “leucistic”
Mountain Dog with black muzzle and to a lesser part as “flavistic”
dog with brown muzzle and paler eye. From the combination of the
mentioned genetic types, of which the former is dominant, stems a
certain difference in the shading of colour, of the pigmentation of the
eyelids, eyes, muzzle, lips and membranes.
Through strict selection favouring the first type, the judges and
breeders achieved the type required by the following standard and its
stabilising by breeders.
The number of club members with breeding stock and kennels has
recently been counted as towards 200. Living registered dogs, at
present in the republic, number nearly 800.
The quality of our breeding of the Tatra Chuvach is confirmed by
favourable assessment at international shows (Prague, Brno, Liberec,
Bratislava, Leipzig and others) and this with strong foreign
GENERAL APPEARANCE : The Tatra Chuvach’s breed
characteristics conform in type with those of a mountain dog of firm
constitution, impressive appearance and thick white coat. He has a
strong bone, a lively temperament and is vigilant, fearless and alert.
For centuries he has been accustomed to the harsh climate of the
Slovakian mountains, especially the Tatra mountains. His format is
well within the shape of a moderate rectangle, the body resting on
strong rather high limbs. His vigilance and alertness helped to give
him his name, as the Slovak word “Cuvat” means to hear.
faithful and courageous, always ready to fight off any intruder, be it
even bears and wolves. In order to distinguish him from wild beasts
in the night, he is, according to ancient tradition, only bred in white.
Skull : Strong, longish in shape, broad between the ears. The broad
forehead has a shallow furrow tapering away towards the rear.
Superciliary ridges are in proportion and slanted and slanted sideways. Top of
head flat. Neck clearly defined from strong, moderately protruding
nape of neck. Top of head, in profile, slightly domed compared to
bridge of nose.
Stop : Moderate.
Nose : Black, especially in summer.
Muzzle : Straight in profile and about half length of had, fairly broad,
tapering towards the front. Strong, of medium length, blunt.
Lips : Close fitting, corner of mouth closed. Mucous membranes
black, forming a narrow, not overhanging frame to the mouth.
Medium thickness. Palate black.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong, always with complete scissor bite.
Eyes : Dark brown, oval shape, set in horizontally. Eyelids black,
close fitting. Membrane in the inside corner of the eye dark, making
the eye expressive.
Ears : Set on high, mobile at set on. Of moderate length, hanging,
lying close to head. Half way down, the ear has finer hair. When in
repose, the rounded lower edge reaches to mouth level.
NECK : Set on straight. Carried high when alert. In male dogs very
powerful with good name. No dewlap.
Back : Straight. Of medium length and strong.
Loin : Moderately arched. Well attached to the sacrum, muscular,
very strong and adequately long.
Rump : Strong, broad and slightly sloping.
Chest : Broad. Sternum bone reaching up to the height of shoulder
Ribcage : Well sprung ribs. Sternum above half height at withers
and reaching lower than elbows. The length of the ribcage exceeds
half the body length; its breadth is a quarter of the height at withers.
Ribs : Arched, inclined towards rear and forming a clear transition to
the flanks.
Belly : Belly and flanks appropriate, moderate tuck up.
TAIL : Set on low. Standing and in repose hanging low, reaching to
hock joints. Shape straight like a cigar, not curled at tip. When
moving carried curled over loin.
FOREQUARTERS : Position straight, pillar-like, with good
angulation of upper arm and elbow. Feet strong, round, tight. Legs
generally rather long, specially in males.
Shoulders : Well laid back and long. Upper arm muscular and
firmly attached to the body, inclined towards elbow.
Forearm : Vertical, strong, muscular and long.
Pastern joint : Bony and strong.
Pastern : Short, strong and moderately inclined.
Front feet : Strong toes and nails, firmly arched and round in shape.
Well coated, with fleshy black pads.
HINDQUARTERS : Buttocks, together with upper thighs, from a
muscular whole, longish in shape and of considerable breadth.
Stifle : Well muscled and well angulated.
Second thigh : Sloping, strong, well muscled.
Hockjoint : Strong, with blunt angle; rather low set but well defined
and large.
Hock : Short and strong. Position vertical. There is no restriction at
transition to hock. Dewclaws undesired.
Hind feet : Are slightly longer than frond feet, otherwise same shape.
Toes somewhat stronger and more arched.
GAIT/MOVEMENT : Surprisingly light footed in spite of his
powerful build, agile and quick, in every terrain and in all weathers;
with preference for trot.
SKIN : Loose on body, otherwise close fitting. Skin pink; black
pigmentation only round the eyes, the neck and muzzle where it
merges with the black mucous membranes. Pads also black.
HAIR : With the exception on head and limbs, the hair form a dense
coat without a parting on the back and without feathering on tail and
buttocks. Males have a striking name. Hair is short and close on
head and legs, slightly longer on rearside of legs. Short hair
gradually merges from set-on of ears into the mane. Undercoat is
completely covered by long hair in top coat. The latter is 5 to 15cm.
Most wavy on mane, elsewhere moderately wavy, forming numerous
waves across the back which merge into each other. Single waves,
not joined, are undesired.
Required is a light dense coat.
Undercoat : hair fine and dense, in length up to half or two thirds of
hair of top coat. The undercoat is shed during the summer, so the
coat loses its density, but remains light throughout the year on
account of the wavy topcoat which forms no parting on the back.
COLOUR : White. Yellowish shading at set on of ears permitted
but not desired. Distinct yellow patches are not permitted.
Height at the withers : Dogs : 62 to 70 cm.
Females : 59 to 65 cm.
Weight : Dogs : 36 to 44 kg.
Females : 31 to 37 kg.
Dogs Bitches
Length of COLOUR : White. Yellowish shading at set on of ears permitted
but not desired. Distinct yellow patches are not permitted.
Height at the withers : Dogs : 62 to 70 cm.
Females : 59 to 65 cm.
Weight : Dogs : 36 to 44 kg.
Females : 31 to 37 kg.
Dogs Bitches
Length of head (average) 25 to 28 cm 23 to 26 cm.
Length of cranial region 13 to 15 cm 12 to 14 cm.
Length of facial region 12 to 14 cm 11 to 13 cm.
Height at sternum level 33 to 37 cm 30 to 35 cm.
Depth of chest 30 to 34 cm 25 to 30 cm.
Length of body 69 to 76 cm 60 to 72 cm.
Length of ribcage 40 to 47 cm 37 to 44 cm.
Girth of chest behind shoulder 70 to 83 cm 68 to 72 cm.
Girth of chest at last floating rib 60 to 70 cm 56 to 65 cm.
Angulation of joints : Shoulder joint : 107 degrees.
Elbow joint : 145 degrees.
Hip joint : 90 degrees.
Stifle joint : 110 degrees.
FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect
upon the health and welfare of the dog.
· Pincer bite, missing teeth.
· Pendulous lips.
· Unsymmetric position of the ears.
· Flat, not sufficiently deep chest.
· Tail lateratelly deviated.
· Bear-like feet.
· Dewclaws.
· Close fitting fringy coat, also completely wavy coat.
· Lack of coat on belly, flanks and genitals.
· Results of tickets or distemper.
· Excessively nervous, unbalanced character.
· Aggressive or overly shy.
· Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural
abnormalities shall be disqualified.
· Pink spots on nose leather, lips or eyelids.
· Light eyes.
· Yellow patches in coat.
· Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles
fully descended into the scrotum.
· Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed
typical conformation, should be used for b
The Slovak Cuvac is a Slovak breed of dog, bred for use as a livestock guard dog. This mountain dog—also known as Slovensky Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac and Slovensky Kuvac—is closely
related to the Hungarian Kuvasz. The alternate German and English spelling Tchouvatch reflects the pronunciation: chew-votch. The breed is recognised under sponsorship from Slovakia by the Fédération
Cynologique Internationale with the name Slovenský čuvač.[1] Despite the multiple renderings in English, these refer to only one breed. The United Kennel Club in the US uses the English version of the
name Slovak Cuvac.
A livestock guardian dog (LGD) is a type of pastoral dog bred for the purpose of protecting livestock from predators.

Livestock guardian dogs stay with the group of animals they protect as a full-time member of the flock or herd. Their ability to guard their herd is mainly instinctive, as the dog is bonded to the herd from an
early age.[1] Unlike the often smaller herding dogs that control the movement of the livestock, LGDs blend in with them, watching for intruders within the flock. The mere presence of a guardian dog is
usually enough to ward off some predators, and LGDs will confront predators by vocal intimidation, barking, and displaying very aggressive behavior. The dog may attack or fight with a predator to protect
the flock, if they are not able to drive predators off otherwise.[2] Livestock guardians may actively look for predators within protected territory to catch and destroy them, and there are known cases of dogs
luring coyotes to the source of food to hunt them.

LGDs are generally large and protective, which can make them less than ideal for urban or even suburban living. Nonetheless, despite their size, they can be gentle, make good companion dogs, and are
often protective towards children. If introduced to a family as a pup, most LGDs are as protective of their family as a working guard dog is of its flock. In fact, in some communities where LGDs are a
tradition, the runt of a litter would often be kept or given as a household pet or simply kept as a village dog without a single owner.

At least 2 dogs may be placed with a flock or herd depending on its size, the type of predators, their number, and the intensity of predation. If predators are scarce, one dog may be adequate though most
operations usually require at least two dogs. Large operations (particularly range operations) and heavy predator loads will require more dogs. Both male and female LGDs have proved to be equally
effective in protecting of livestock.

The three qualities most sought after in LGDs are trustworthiness, attentiveness and protectiveness—trustworthy in that they do not roam off and are not aggressive with the livestock, attentive in that they
are situationally aware of threats by predators, and protective in that they will attempt to drive off predators. Dogs, being social creatures with differing personalities, will take on different roles with the herd
and among themselves: most sticking close to the livestock, others tending to follow the shepherd or rancher when one is present, and some drifting farther from the livestock. These differing roles are
often complementary in terms of protecting livestock, and experienced ranchers and shepherds sometimes encourage these differences by adjustments in socialization technique so as to increase the
effectiveness of their group of dogs in meeting specific predator threats. LGDs that follow the livestock closest assure that a guard dog is on hand if a predator attacks, while LGDs that patrol at the edges of
a flock or herd are in a position to keep would-be attackers at a safe distance from livestock. Those dogs that are more attentive tend to alert those that are more passive but perhaps also more trustworthy
or less aggressive with the livestock.

While LGDs have been known to fight to the death with predators, in most cases predator attacks are prevented by a display of aggressiveness. LGDs are known to drive off predators that physically they
would be no match for, such as bears and even lions. With the reintroduction of predators into natural habitats in Europe and North America, environmentalists have come to appreciate LGDs because they
allow sheep and cattle farming to coexist with predators in the same or nearby habitats. Unlike trapping and poisoning, LGDs seldom kill predators; instead, their aggressive behaviors tend to condition
predators to seek unguarded (thus, non-farm animal) prey. For instance, in Italy's Gran Sasso National Park, where LGDs and wolves have coexisted for centuries, older, more experienced wolves seem to
"know" the LGDs and leave their flocks alone.

The body of Slovak Cuvac is slightly longer than higher. Strong and straight ridge goes - way to lower back - a little bit sloped. Strong square butt is slightly sloped, too. The low-placed tail is worn hanging,
reaching hock joints. Chest reaching to elbow joint and chest's width can compared to circa one quarter of scapula's height. Ribs are well rounded and achieving long back. Belly and flanks are slightly
pulled. Long scapulas are slant laid. The Slovak Cuvac has straight legs placed vertically to his body and well angled. The front paws are compact, rounded. The back paws are a little bit longer. The neck
is as long as head.

The wide and elongated skull is a little bit arched, but the top of the head is flat. With side view are straight line of top of the head and straight line of nose's ridge parallel. The stop is well apparent. The
supra-orbital arcs are marked, the frontal groove is flat. The wide and heavy mouth is slightly narrowed to top of the nose and is a little bit shorter than the skull. The lips fit tightly. The ears are placed high,
reclined and fitted tightly to the head. The ear points are rounded. The eyes are oval shaped with caps fitting closely, straight placed at the head. The Cuvac has scissors occlusion.

The fur is dense and rich, centre parting at the ridge is not allowed. Covering hair, which is constituted by hair with 5-15 cm length, completely covers the shorter, dense and soft undercoat. Male dogs have
collar around the neck. The fur is pure white. A yellowish tinge by ears is permissible, but not desirable. The eyes are brown.
Muzzle, lips edges and eyelids, like the paw pads, are black.


The breed is an animal of imposing stature. It has a large head, half of which is taken up by the nasal canal. It has strong jaws, with a scissors bite. The oval-shaped eyes are dark and lively. The ears are
long and hanging while carried on the sides of the head. The tail is thickly furred, and it hangs down when the dog is at rest. The coat is completely white, and the hair can be as much as 4 inches (10 cm)