Weight Male 36–44 kg (79–97 lbs)
Female 31–37 kg (68–81 lbs)
Height Male 62–70 cm (25–28 in)
Female 59–65 cm (25–28 in)
Coat Medium length - thick and
First time in history of the
STDCOA we will take
measurement of your Cuvac at
the next dogshow!
(A Ty Biely Cuvacu (White Sheep Dog) - From The
Mountain Paradise - Ziarislav)
Slovensky Cuvac Dog Club of America
here are more than 40 distinct livestock guardian dog breeds in existence today and each of these breeds
does a good job of guarding, watching and protecting their flocks, grounds and families.
We want to talk only about the white breeds in Europe use in various terrains (mountains, Puzta) and
different weather conditions from hot areas to icy cold mountains.. But as these breeds developed in
various countries and regions (Slovakia, Italy, France, Hungary, Poland Turkey and other countries), they
began to show distinct differences in size, type.character.
The Slovenský Čuvač is one of the six white flock guardian/sheepdogs found in Europe. There are other
white LGD breeds found throughout the world that are not discussed here. Among these six breeds there
are some striking similarities in appearance, function and temperament.
The five white European flock guardian/sheepdogs are:
the Great Pyrenees [Chein de Pyrénées]
the Hungarian Kuvasz
the Maremma [Cane da pastore Maremmana-Abruzzese]
the Polski Owczarek Podhalanski
the Slovenský Čuvač
the Turkish Akbash
Don't be upset if you can't readily tell a Slovenský Čuvač apart from the other white flock guardians. It is
difficult for inexperienced dog lovers to see all the differences in these breeds. Remember, all dogs are
descended from wolves and all the white flock guardians share some ancient canine ancestry. Their
differences, which may seem minor to the average person, are likely due to centuries of geographical
isolation which restricted breeding to a smaller gene pool. These smaller gene pools meant that certain
traits were passed along through regional breeding and were repeated generation after generation. This
manifested itself in geographical "breed standards" set by various breeders for their white flock guardian
dogs found in their regions.
Over the years, breeders who wanted to preserve certain traits in their dogs started breeding to a standard
or type - certain colors, sizes, height, musculature, coat type, pigments, etc. So the current breed standards
for the six white ones create more notable differences in these types than could be found in these same
breeds 200 years ago. Purebred show dogs strive to conform to the highest standard of their breed's type.
The ones classified as "excellent" are recognizably different from the other different white flock guardians
because of this fixing of "type" by the breeders. Medium quality dogs sold as companions and pets often
have faults in height, weight, coats, size of the head or the way the ears are set, and so they appear to have
more similarities to the other white flock guardian breeds.
The Great Pyrenees
Native to France, the Pyr is the largest, tallest and most well-known of the white ones. The Pyr coat is often
white since about 1 in 4 Pyr puppies is born pure white. But other coloring is allowed-gray, badger, reddish
brown or varying shades of tan on the ears, head, face, tail and body. The Slovenský Čuvač and the other
white ones are only bred in white and coloring is considered a fault. The Pyr head is wedge shaped, with a
rounded crown. The weight ranges from 85 to 140 lbs. or more. The Pyr stands 25 to 32 inches to the
shoulder, which is considerably heavier and taller than a Slovenský Čuvač. Double dewclaws on both hind
legs are required for a Pyr. But these dewclaws are considered a fault in the other four white breeds.
[Great Pry Breed Standard- www.FCI.be or AKC standard]
An ancient Hungarian herding breed, the Kuvasz is smaller and leaner than a Pyr and bred only in white
with no color markings. It is generally considered more active than a Pyr, with a wavier coat and a more
wedge shaped head. The coat is double, coarse and typically wavier than the other white ones. In the
Hungarian breed standard the coat must have a notable curl. The Kuvasz is medium boned, well-muscled,
weighing 100-115 lbs. The skull is oblong but not pointed, and the forehead is long and slightly domed.
The ears are different than the other white ones, being V shaped and set back. The stomach is well tucked
up. Notable is the Kuvasz' slate colored skin, the more pigment the better, and the low-set, slight bend
upward of the tail which should not be carried over the top of the back. The Hungarian breed standard does
not allow for straight coats or dome shaped heads.
[Kuvasz Breed Standard-www.fci.be or AKC standard]
This large, strongly built dog, weighing about 77-99 lbs., is native to Italy and it differs in several ways from
the other white ones. Some say the a Maremma appears more rustic. The head is large, flat and wide
between the ears, reminiscent of a polar bear. The ears are small, set high, V-shaped and the tips are
never rounded. The eye color of the other 4 breeds are dark brown, but in a Maremma it varies from ochre
to auburn. The lips are only slightly developed and barely cover the teeth. The tail should never be held
above the back, even when working. Working Maremmas are allowed to have their ears cut. There is
documented evidence of the Maremma in Italy dating back to the 13th century. A shorter coated
Maremmano and the longer backed Abruzzese merged into one breed sometime in the 1860s. Mostly the
working Maremmano have the ears shortend, so that wild animals have no point of attack at their head.
[Maremma Breed www.FCI.be Standard]
The Polski Owczarek Podhalanski
[Polish Tatra Sheepdog]
Native to southern Poland, from the Carpathian Mountains, the Poldhalane is not difficult to distinguish
from the Slovenský Čuvač. ( a Slovensky Cuvac must have a sissor bit and a Podhale must have a tongue
bit - also headform, etc - Overall it is bigger, more heavily boned and can weigh up to 140 lbs, but it is also
shorter at 26 inches. Along with the Pyrenees, it is the only other white one that allows for pincer teeth and
a clear, not heavy stop. The ears are set lower than a Slovensky Čuvač. Lighter eyes are not considered a
fault and they seem more oval, than almond shaped. The belly is only slightly tucked up. The coat is rather
harsh, glossy and somewhat oily, and should not ever be soft, silky, distinctly wavy, single, curly or in any
way like that of a kuvasz.
[PolskiOwczarek Podhalanski www.FCI.beBreed Standard]
The Slovenský Čuvač
is the National Breed of Slovakia first time registered 80 years ago (2013) It is said to have a completely
different heritage from the other white ones and its skeleton shows that the Slovensky Cuvac is related to
the white polar dogs descended from arctic wolves. The SC is also the smallest of the six white ones and
has a smaller build than the Pyrenees, Kuvasz, Maremmano and Polski Owczarek Podhale with a wide
chest and arching ribs. Much shorter legs - like Mountain oats.SCs have broad foreheads(noselength the
same like cross the forehead and the edge of the ear has to reach the end of the lips, with a shallow
tapering away towards the rear. The lips have to be closed (open lips are a major fault).
The ears are set high and have a rounded tip with fine hair on the edge. The coat is softer with liight waves
on the back - no curl, and again, only white. The skin is loose. Males are having an impressive mane.
1982 Dr. Josef Schoen/NY born in Pague founded the Slovensky Cuvac Dog Club of America. 1993 he sold
the Club to Nancy Smith/MA who was an active breeder for some years. 2008 Elisabeth Pisula got all
documents from the Club and also the studbook. Several years noone was working for the Club, but now it
is again a lot of activities.
Elisabeth Pisula got the agreement from AKC to take the breed over to the FSS registry.
2008 5 known Cuvac was alive. Now 2013 there are 78 Slovensky Cuvac known in the USA.
Since 2008 the Kennel vom Boehmerwald/Elisabeth Pisula has had a yearly litter the last one in 2013.
There was only 2 other people breeding one time a litter, each time 2 puppies. But they are not longer
member of the Club.
Since 2009 the Slovensky Cuvac Dog Club of America 1982 is celebrating once a year a special dogshow
in Texas. Why in Texas? Because there are 24 Cuvac in Texas and sowith it is a garanty, that more dogs
are showing up. We can do it in Oregon, or Virginia or Californis but at the end we will have only around 5
Always a judge from Europe is flying in to judge our Slovensky Cuvac and compare to other country bred
There was Vlado Javorcik (3x) Slovakia a well recognized F.C.I Cuvac judge.
Last year our judge from Germany Mira Gehring mentioned with a lot of compliments the high quality of the
American Slovensky Cuvac
2013 we invited a judge from Finland! We introduce her to you all on this page.
The show will be October 19. 2013 again in Richmond TX.
2012 we have had the 30th anniversiary of the Club and it was a special honor, that Visa Mattila/President
of the Finnish Slovensky Cuvac Club and Seija Juselius owner of the so successful Kennel Augenzahn
flew in to be a part of the show.
Visa has written an article about their visit in Texas, which is published by the Slovensky Cuvac Dog Club of
America 1982 in the 3rd edition of the magazine "The PAW".
The 3rd edition is mailed out to all STDCOA members September 20th 2013.
We found an agreement to import sperms of 3 different males from Europe, to be sure, the breeding is
following up with new bloodlines.
All Cuvac out of the Y and Z-litter vom Boehmerwald are ready to take x-rays.
After getting the results of OFA, we will publish it
Mrs. Elena Ruskovaara, Finland
She was born in 1974 and she has been involved with
dogs her whole life.
She was 2 years old when her parents got their first
Slovensky Cuvac ( 1976) from former Czechoslovakian
From this day onwards dogs have been an essential part
of her everyday life.
She has bred and owned Slovakian Chuvach, Irish Water
Spaniel, Welsh Springer Spaniel and Pug.
She was qualified as an international judge in 2002 and
since then she has judged in 10 different countries.
Another continent - Australia she was judging last
It was an honor for her to be judge at the World Winner
Now she is visiting the next Continent: AMERICA. She
agreed to come to Texas to judge the 5th Memorial Prof.
A. Hruza USA!
We all are proud that she accepted our invitation and will
arrive together with her father - a wellknown Slovensky
Cuvac breeder in Finland at Oct. 14.2013 staying with us
in our home.
Welcome Elena in Texas
Notice to everybody!
PAULA FULLER is not longer a
member of the board.
All the best and good luck for
the future. Thank you for the
help you have given to the
If your Cuvac isn't yet registered with AKC - please use the form you will
find in3rd edition of the Magazine " The Paw" . It is mailed out to all
Really important for the breed and the Club, that EACH Cuvac is
registered with AKC.
Finally we need 150 Cuvac in the FSS Registry to visit offical the big
Thank you for your help
This is Baxter Texas vom Boehmerwald called Bear.
His family takes him with anywhere.
On the photo he is 5 months old!
Dog/Slovensky Cuvac paintings in Finland!